MARINE_ECOMED was designed in response to the actual need to create and share innovative approaches and resources for education and communication on sustainable marine management within the Mediterranean Region.
Indeed, large attention has been addressed on this topic in recent years both at Global, European and Mediterranean level:
At global level, United Nations has recently declared the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development (2021-2030) in order to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goal 14 “Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development”. In parallel to the need for sustainable management and conservation of the marine environment the necessity to communicate, educate and create awareness on this topic also increased in recent years with the creation of a new discipline defined as Ocean Literacy, recently addressed by Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) within the program “Ocean Literacy for all: a global strategy to raise the awareness for the conservation, restoration, and sustainable use of our ocean”.
At European level, the European Commission, established a specific directorate general, the DG MARE which is responsible for the EU policy on maritime affairs and fisheries, addressing priorities such as the protection and sustainable management of the marine environment, its resources and related activities developed in it.
At Mediterranean level, the United Nations Environment Program – Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP-MAP) was adopted by all the 22 countries included as contracting parties to the Barcelona Convention and its protocols, providing a common international framework for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Sustainable Development of the Coastal Areas of the Mediterranean.